This family was restricted in Grant et al. (2006) to exclude a large number of species previously referred to as Colostethus which are now within the family Aromobatidae. Synapomorphies within the family Dendrobatidae include absence of toe webbing and absence of palatine bones (Grant et al., 2006).
Subfamilies contained within Dendrobatidae:
|Hyloxalinae||Grant et al., 2006|